[117] Following the opening of Britomart Transport Centre in 2003, major investment in Auckland's rail network occurred, involving station upgrades, rolling stock refurbishment and infrastructure improvements. The Māori population in the area is estimated to have peaked at 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. A major overhaul of Auckland's bus services was implemented during 2016–18, significantly expanding the reach of "frequent" bus services: those that operate at least every 15 minutes during the day and early evening, every day of the week. Auckland straddles a volcanic field, which has produced about 90 volcanic eruptions from 50 volcanoes in the last 90,000 years. Māori–European conflict over land in the region led to war in the mid-19th century. The outermost suburbs are Orewa in the north, Papakura in the south, Henderson in the west and Howick in the east. Auckland’s south is a melting pot of cultures from around the world; a place where history, adventure and beautiful landscapes combine. Most of the Irish (though not all) were from Protestant Ulster. Because of its rich acidic soil and the type of flora growing out of the rocky soil, only a few birds and insects inhabit the island. Auckland was one of the original nine towns and cities in New Zealand to be supplied with natural gas when the Kapuni gas field entered production in 1970 and a 340 km long high pressure pipeline from the field in Taranaki to the city was completed. The city is supplied from Transpower's national grid from thirteen substations across the city. The Map shows a city map of Auckland with expressways, main roads and streets, zoom out to find the location of Auckland International Airport (AKL), largest and busiest airport in New Zealand, located in Manger, a western suburb of Kaufman City, 20 km by road (via Urban Route 12 and State Highway 20) south of Auckland's Central Business District. [108], The Auckland Harbour Bridge, opened in 1959, is the main connection between the North Shore and the rest of the Auckland region. Auckland Airport is 21 km (13 miles) south of the city behind Manukau Harbour. [11][12], The isthmus was settled by Māori circa 1350, and was valued for its rich and fertile land. Rangitoto's size, its symmetry, its position guarding the entrance to Waitematā Harbour and its visibility from many parts of the Auckland region make it Auckland's most iconic natural feature. The passing of the Energy Companies Act 1992 saw all three EPBs corporatised to become Power New Zealand, Mercury Energy, and Counties Power respectively. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea. [61] However, subdividing such properties with 'infill housing' has long been the norm. [8] After a British colony was established in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose the area as his new capital. Some are several kilometres long. Interactive enhanced satellite map for Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Queen Street, Britomart, Ponsonby Road, Karangahape Road, Newmarket and Parnell are major retail areas. The University of Auckland, founded in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand. [84], Housing varies considerably between some suburbs having state owned housing in the lower income neighbourhoods, to palatial waterfront estates, especially in areas close to the Waitematā Harbour. [56], Around 48.5 percent of Aucklanders at the 2013 census affiliated with Christianity and 11.7 percent affiliated with non-Christian religions, while 37.8 percent of the population were irreligious and 3.8 percent objected to answering. There are two harbours surrounding this isthmus: Waitematā Harbour to the north, which opens east to the Hauraki Gulf and thence to the Pacific Ocean, and Manukau Harbour to the south, which opens west to the Tasman Sea. While most volcanic cones in the Auckland volcanic field have been affected by quarrying, many of the remaining cones are now within parks, and retain a more natural character than the surrounding city. Pickup in Auckland … [64], Auckland's lifestyle is influenced by the fact that while it is 70 percent rural in land area, 90 percent of Aucklanders live in urban areas[65] – though large parts of these areas have a more suburban character than many cities in Europe and Asia. [129] The five-week-long 1998 Auckland power crisis blacked out much of the CBD after a cascade failure occurred on four underground cables in Mercury Energy's sub-transmission network. Centred on the Auckland metropolitan area, it also includes a large rural area, stretching as far north as the Wellsford district. High-precision 40Ar/39Ar dating of Quaternary basalts from Auckland Volcanic Field, New Zealand, with implications for eruption rates and paleomagnetic correlations. Roman Catholicism is the largest Christian denomination with 13.3 percent affiliating, followed by Anglicanism (9.1 percent) and Presbyterianism (7.4 percent). [67] Nonetheless, Auckland ranked third in a survey of the quality of life of 215 major cities of the world (2015 data).[68]. The trend is for the latest eruptions to occur in the northwest of the field. New arrivals from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Korea gave a distinctive character to the areas where they clustered, while a range of other immigrants introduced mosques, Hindu temples, halal butchers and ethnic restaurants to the suburbs. [49] It is the only city in the world built on a basaltic volcanic field that is still active. The Whangaparaoa Peninsula, Orewa, Omaha and Pakiri, to the north of the main urban area, are also nearby. Auckland CBD is connected to coastal suburbs, to the North Shore and to outlying islands by ferry. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world,[10] Auckland is recognised as one of the world's most liveable cities, ranked third in the 2019 Mercer Quality of Living Survey. A number of arts events are held in Auckland, including the Auckland Festival, the Auckland Triennial, the New Zealand International Comedy Festival, and the New Zealand International Film Festival. [111] For trips to the city centre at peak times the use of public transport is much higher, with more than half of trips undertaken by bus, train or ferry. Events celebrating the city's cultural diversity include the Pasifika Festival, Polyfest, and the Auckland Lantern Festival, all of which are the largest of their kind in New Zealand. Auckland Airport is 21 km (13 miles) south of the city behind Manukau Harbour. The Auckland Botanic Gardens are further south, in Manurewa. [78] Prepared under this legislation is the Auckland Unitary Plan which indicates how land can be used or developed. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Auckland has the largest ethnic Polynesian population of any city in the world. Orewa Beach. Private charter small group tour! An electric train of Auckland's metro rail system. When you have eliminated the JavaScript , whatever remains must be an empty page. Additionally, Auckland regularly hosts the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra and Royal New Zealand Ballet. Auckland has a considerable number of rugby union and cricket grounds, and venues for association football, netball, rugby league, basketball, hockey, ice hockey, motorsports, tennis, badminton, swimming, rowing, golf and many other sports. [109] The bridge provides eight lanes of vehicle traffic and has a moveable median barrier for lane flexibility, but does not provide access for rail, pedestrians or cyclists. The Waitematā Harbour is home to several notable yacht clubs and marinas, including the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron and Westhaven Marina, the largest of the Southern Hemisphere. [50] The most recent and by far the largest volcano, Rangitoto Island, was formed within the last 1000 years, and its eruptions destroyed the Māori settlements on neighbouring Motutapu Island some 700 years ago. One Tree Hill is a … Data from July 2014 to April 2017, policedata.nz. Late-night services (i.e. [29] By 2006 the Asian population had reached 18.0 percent in Auckland, and 36.2 percent in the central city. Two of the longest arterial roads within the Auckland Region are Great North Road and Great South Road – the main connections in those directions before the construction of the State Highway network. [121] In terms of international flights, Auckland is the second-best connected city in Oceania. [123] With public transport declining heavily during the second half of the 20th century (a trend mirrored in most Western countries such as the US),[124] and increased spending on roads and cars, New Zealand (and specifically Auckland) now has the second-highest vehicle ownership rate in the world, with around 578 vehicles per 1000 people. [9] It has throughout most of its history been the nation's largest city. One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie) Natural Feature. Today, Vector owns and operates the majority of the distribution network in urban Auckland, with Counties owning and operating the network south of central Papakura. The absolute maximum recorded temperature is 34.4 Â°C (93.9 Â°F) on 12 February 2009,[37] while the absolute minimum is −3.9 Â°C (25.0 Â°F), although there is also an unofficial low of −5.7 Â°C (21.7 Â°F) recorded at Riverhead Forest in June 1936. In October 2010, Manukau City mayor Len Brown was elected mayor of the amalgamated Auckland Council. Parliament met in what is now Old Government House on the University of Auckland's City campus. At that time, generally, a solemn stillness holds, and a perfect calm prevails...". Auckland also has a total length of approximately 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) of rivers and streams, about 8 percent of these in urban areas. To get to Auckland Airport, from the city, drivers should take the southern motorway until the Gilles Avenue exit and then follow the airport signs or aircraft arrows. Earlier published maps include: 2001/2018: QMAP 1:250 000 geological map. Please note: The term Auckland Airport AKL as well as all associated graphics, logos, and/or other trademarks, tradenames or copyrights are the property of the Auckland Airport authority and are used herein for factual descriptive purposes only. Need a special Auckland Region map? [101], The Auckland urban area has 340 primary schools, 80 secondary schools, and 29 composite (primary/secondary combined) schools as of February 2012, catering for nearly quarter of a million students. [56][57] Auckland is home to over half (51.6 percent) of New Zealand's overseas born population, including 72 percent of the country's Pacific Island-born population, 64 percent of its Asian-born population, and 56 percent of its Middle Eastern and African born population. It is not contiguous; the section from Waiwera to Whangaparaoa Peninsula is separate from its nearest neighbouring suburb of Long Bay. [8][13] The introduction of firearms at the end of the eighteenth century, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating intertribal warfare beginning in 1807, causing iwi who lacked the new weapons to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids. This substantial increase in population will have a major impact on transport, housing and other infrastructure that are, particularly in the case of housing, already considered under pressure. According to the 1961 census data, Māori and Pacific Islanders comprised 5 percent of Auckland's population; Asians less than 1 percent. [43] There are also occasional breaches of guideline levels of carbon monoxide. Auckland was connected to the Maui gas field in 1982 following the completion of a high pressure pipeline from the Maui gas pipeline near Huntly, via the city, to Whangarei in Northland.[132]. [105], Auckland has a number of important educational institutions, including some of the largest universities in the country. Prominent historic buildings in Auckland include the Dilworth Building, the Auckland Ferry Terminal, Guardian Trust Building, Old Customs House, Landmark House, the Auckland Town Hall and the Britomart Transport Centre–many of these are located on the main thoroughfare of Queen Street. The journey to/from the central business district takes around 45 minutes. It … The first area is South Auckland. [108] Numerous arterial roads also provide regional and sub-regional connectivity, with many of these roads (especially on the isthmus) previously used to operate Auckland's former tram network. Important institutions include the Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand Maritime Museum, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, and the Museum of Transport and Technology. [27] Arterial roads and motorways became both defining and geographically dividing features of the urban landscape. [51], Auckland's population is predominantly of European origin, though the proportion of those of Asian or other non-European origins has increased in recent decades due to immigration[53] and the removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race. He named the area for George Eden, Earl of Auckland, British First Lord of the Admiralty. Waitake Ranges, Piha, Karekare Beach, & Bethells Beach.. About. Work began in late 2015 to provide more route flexibility and connect Britomart more directly to western suburbs on the Western Line via an underground rail tunnel known as the City Rail Link project. It is estimated that the field will stay active for about one million years. [130] The 2006 Auckland Blackout interrupted supply to the CBD and many inner suburbs after an earth wire shackle at Transpower's Otahuhu substation broke and short-circuited the lines supplying the inner city. [citation needed], Positive aspects of Auckland life are its mild climate, plentiful employment and educational opportunities, as well as numerous leisure facilities. [75] Auckland hosted the America's Cup and Louis Vuitton Cup in 2000 and 2003, and is scheduled to host the 2021 America's Cup. Auckland is classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a Beta + world city[80] because of its importance in commerce, the arts, and education. Could not find what you're looking for? Auckland Region HD blank relief map Auckland Region printable HD outline map. [33], Auckland lies on and around an isthmus, less than two kilometres wide at its narrowest point, between Mangere Inlet and the Tamaki River. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of about 1,470,100 (June 2020). A number of shopping centres are located in the middle- and outer-suburbs, with Westfield Newmarket, Sylvia Park, Botany Town Centre and Westfield Albany being the largest. [4], The Auckland urban area lies within the Auckland Region, an administrative region that takes its name from the city. [92] Some of the demand for new housing at this time was attributed to the 43,000 people who moved into Auckland between June 2014 and June 2015.[93]. [69] The Waitematā Harbour has several swimming beaches, including Mission Bay and Kohimarama on the south side of the harbour, and Stanley Bay on the north side. The city has legislation in effect to protect the remaining heritage, with the key piece of legislation being the Resource Management Act of 1991. Ferries provide transport to parks and nature reserves at Devonport, Waiheke Island, Rangitoto Island and Tiritiri Matangi. Auckland forms New Zealand's largest urban area. This is a list of suburbs in the Auckland metropolitan area, New Zealand, surrounding the Auckland Central Business District.They are broadly grouped into … After losing its status as capital, Auckland remained the principal city of the Auckland Province until the provincial system was abolished in 1876. Rugby union, cricket, rugby league, association football (soccer) and netball are widely played and followed. In a new subdivision at Hobsonville Point, 20 percent of new homes were reduced to below $550,000. [90] Auckland has been described as having 'the most extensive range of timbered housing with its classical details and mouldings in the world', many of them Victorian-Edwardian style houses. In the late 2000s, New Zealand's central government and parts of Auckland's society felt that this large number of councils, and the lack of strong regional government (with the Auckland Regional Council having only limited powers), were hindering Auckland's progress. Centred on the Auckland metropolitan area, it also includes a large rural area, stretching as far north as the Wellsford district. [91], In the lead-up to 2010, a housing crisis began in Auckland with the market not being able to sustain the demand for affordable homes. Sporting teams based in Auckland who compete in national or trans-national competitions are as follows: Annual sporting events held in Auckland include: Major events previously held in Auckland include the 1950 British Empire Games and the Commonwealth Games in 1990,[21] and a number of matches (including the semi-finals and the final) of the 1987 Rugby World Cup and 2011 Rugby World Cup. Bridges span parts of both harbours, notably the Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the Waitematā Harbour west of the central business district. The total coastline of Auckland is 3,702 kilometres (2,300 mi) long.[34]. With a total area of 93.6 square kilometers, public green spaces and parks make up 0.6% of Auckland’s total area, 16,157 square kilometers. The Auckland Philharmonia Orchestra is the city and region's resident full-time symphony orchestra, performing its own series of concerts and accompanying opera and ballet. [63], In July 2016, Auckland Council released, as the outcome of a three-year study and public hearings, its Unitary Plan for Auckland. In 2009 the Gallery was promised a gift[72] of fifteen works of art by New York art collectors and philanthropists Julian and Josie Robertson – including well-known paintings by Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Paul Gauguin and Piet Mondrian. There are also three racecourses within the city - (Ellerslie and Avondale for thoroughbred racing, and Alexandra Park for harness racing). Do you like this map? This strong focus on Auckland has led the immigration services to award extra points towards immigration visa requirements for people intending to move to other parts of New Zealand. According to the 2013 census, the primary employment industries of Auckland residents are professional, scientific and technical services (11.4 percent), manufacturing (9.9 percent), retail trade (9.7 percent), health care and social assistance (9.1 percent), and education and training (8.3 percent). South and East Auckland map Sparkling blue waters, white-sand beaches, rolling countryside, boutique wineries and the largest native rainforest in the East Auckland region. This map provides ICB Conference delegates with key locations around Auckland. One of Auckland's nicknames, the "City of Sails", is derived from the popularity of sailing in the region. The resident population of all statistical areas (level 2; SA2) in Auckland Main Urban Area according to official estimates. The Waitākere Ranges Regional Park to the west of Auckland has relatively unspoiled bush territory, as do the Hunua Ranges to the south. [5] At the 2018 census, 48.1% of people living in the Auckland urban area were European/Pākehā, 11.5% were Māori, 17.5% were Pacific peoples, 31.6% were Asian, 2.5% were Middle Eastern, Latin American and/or African, and 1.0% were other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities). Some of the cones and flows have been partly or completely quarried away. [5] The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki Makaurau, meaning "Tāmaki desired by many", in reference to the desirability of its natural resources and geography. Map of Auckland Central area hotels: Locate Auckland Central hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Auckland Area Map. The plan aims to free up to 30 percent more land for housing and allows for greater intensification of the existing urban area, creating 422,000 new dwellings in the next 30 years. [38] Snowfall is extremely rare: the most significant fall since the start of the 20th century was on 27 July 1939, when snow stuck to the clothes of people outdoors just before dawn and five centimetres (2 in) of snow reportedly lay on Mount Eden. Interactive Map of Auckland area. As you browse around the map, you can select different parts of the map by pulling across it interactively as well as zoom in and out it to find: Where is Auckland located on the world map; You can also expand it to fill the entire screen rather than just working with the map on one part of the screen. As a result, the region had relatively low numbers of Māori when settlement by European New Zealanders began.[14][15]. The greater Auckland urban area—as it is defined by Statistics New Zealand—spans 1,102.9 square kilometres (425.8 sq mi)[3] and extends to Waiwera in the north, KumeÅ« in the north-west, and Runciman in the south. [34], Under the Köppen climate classification, Auckland has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), while according to the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), its climate is classified as subtropical with warm humid summers and mild damp winters. [44] While maritime winds normally disperse the pollution relatively quickly it can sometimes become visible as smog, especially on calm winter days.[45]. Register and add new placemarks in Auckland. Map of Auckland area, showing travelers where the best hotels and attractions are located. A new suburb, Stonefields, has been built in an excavated lava flow, northwest of Maungarei / Mount Wellington, that was previously used as a quarry by Winstones. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. We can create the map for you! In 2009, much of the northern and western suburbs, as well as all of Northland, experienced a blackout when a forklift accidentally came into contact with the Ōtāhuhu to Henderson 220 kV line, the only major line supplying the region. [31] Auckland's metropolitan area is made up of over two hundred suburban areas. [125] Auckland has also been called a very pedestrian- and cyclist-unfriendly city, though some efforts are being made to change this,[126] with Auckland being a major participant in the government's "Urban Cycleways" initiative, and with the "SkyPath" project for a walk and cycleway on the Auckland Harbour Bridge having received Council support, and planning consent.[127][128]. Europeans make up the plurality of Auckland's population, however substantial numbers of Māori, Pacific Islander and Asian peoples exist as well. There were 665,202 males and 680,886 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.977 males per female. The Housing Accords and Special Housing Areas Act 2013 mandated that a minimum of 10 percent of new builds in certain housing areas be subsidised to make them affordable for buyers who had incomes on par with the national average. [77] The Auckland Darts Masters was held annually at The Trusts Arena from 2015 to 2018. Location boundaries (map) Downloads. Enable JavaScript to see Google Maps. Greyhound racing is held at Manukau Stadium. Auckland is part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the category of music.[71]. Auckland comprises a diversity of architectural styles owing to its early beginnings as a settlement, to the Victorian era right through to the contemporary era of the late 20th century. The 1998 electricity sector reforms required electricity companies to split their lines and supply business and sell one of them off. All surf lifesaving clubs are part of the Surf Life Saving Northern Region. Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities – although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003. The isthmus on which Auckland resides was first settled c. 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land. continued road building towards the south, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race, Demographics of Auckland § Future growth, New Zealand International Comedy Festival, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, electrification of Auckland's rail network, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, "Punters love City of Sails - National - NZ Herald News", "Population density: are we talking about the same thing? The individual volcanoes are all considered extinct, although the volcanic field itself is merely dormant. Click on area to see number of victimisations in your area. 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